Essay Examples

Essay On “Swine Flu Pandemic: Causes, Prevention and Cure for the Illness”

The most common virus in pigs called swine influenza (also SIV or simply swine flu) is also spread among human and birds diseases, which became a pandemic infection in 2009. This was the year when the World Health Organization (WHO) defined the highest level of the illness for the last 41 years. The statistic data showed that the swine flu reached more than 74 countries. With the rise of the illness the first symptoms of SIV were noticed and recognized specifically in the local environments where people were close to pigs, for instance, farmers.

What originated the rise of swine flu?

Later on, in 2009 as mentioned, the disease infected humans all over the world and the investigations revealed two main antigens — Hi (hemagglutinin type 1) and N1 (neuraminidase type 1), which gave this pandemic the name H1N1. Hereafter, the investigators revealed that the eight RNA strands in swine flu were originated from human, bird and swine influenza strains (the latter outnumbers the first two).

How to recognize and prevent H1N1?

With the smallest hint of a swine flue infection cause, which is cough, running nose, fever, general body fatigue accompanied with headache, the patient is obliged to be diagnosed — have a quick test to see if there’s infection of A or B types of influenza virus.

The test can be both negative or positive for A or B type. In case the test is negative, there’s no swine flu. Otherwise, if the test shows a positive result for B type, there’s no need to worry about flu infection. Vise versa, a positive result for A type may be a sign of swine flu (H1N1). Nevertheless, the quick tests of the kind remain questionable as for the accuracy of the result, which is why the patient should be diagnosed differently.

How the patients should be cured to recover?

The doctors outline the groups of people who have the highest risk of getting the disease, here’s why the vaccination for the group is suggested the most and foremost. The group to vaccinated includes pregnant women, the staff working in health-care industry, people of those professions who work with children aged under 6 months, and each and every person with a weak stamina and immune system.

To avoid any complexity with health, people with the symptoms of H1N1 are highly recommended to stay at home and spend minimum time in the crowds until they are completely recovered. In cases the patients need to leave homes, they should wear special surgical face masks which can be purchased in every drug store to reduce the amount of droplets spray while sneezing or coughing.

Probably, all those trying to prevent being infected by swine influenza should stick to the basic rules and take care of the immune system before the rise of disease as it happened in 2009.